The Flora of Cape St. Vincent - "a bird" rare!

It is the end or the beginning of the known world. The north and northwest wind dominate during the year, molding a landscape that seems poor, dry and arid.

Let us walk in it ... and we enter in different reality. We found colors here and there, small flowers that try to attract those who pollinate, and a variety of greens that are unknown until we walk through it! The green color are present all year, whether there is water or dry! We have the time of flowers and berries time, each providing the opportunity for plants to "travel" to other places. They reproduce and spread, ensuring the continuity of the species!
Botanists and landscape architects come from all over the world looking for one of the most beautiful examples of Mediterranean garden. This marvelous nature is surrounded by the Atlantic, and here we can find one of the few places in the world with typical Mediterranean vegetation and climate. Many species needed to adapt due the scarcity of water, few deep soils and the saltiness - salt carried by the wind from the sea. Because of this, we can find here tree species with shrub size. Species had to adapt in order to survive in difficult conditions. For these reasons, the Cape St. Vincent in Portugal is the place with the largest number of endemic species and a unique biodiversity. Here we find examples of species that are unique in the Iberian Peninsula, in Portugal, in Natural Park of Southwest Alentejo and others exclusive of Sagres.
Many plants benefit from birds to spread their seeds. It is especially in Autumn, when some species produced their attractive berries. Bird species such as the
Common Stonechat (Saxicola torquatus), the Winter Wren (Troglodytes troglodytes) or Black Redstart (Phoenicurus ochruros), complement their diet with wild berries and seeds.

One of the species that produce fruits at the beginning of Autumn is the Mastic tree (Pistaccia lentiscus), whose berries, initially red, become black. It’s very aromatic and it can be used as an ingredient to produce chewing gum, imagine!

Thus, in a place that looks dry and poor, biodiversity is immense, relations are numerous and there are many species of plants, birds and insects that depend on each other. According to some studies, the birds are among the key elements for the maintenance of several populations of plants. On the other hand, the human impacts and fragmentation of habitats are related with the loss of frugivorous birds in some areas due to the disappearance of certain plants.
The beauty and the life find themselves when we move along the tracks opened by another important element - man, that used since immemorial time in a sustainable relationship with the environment, until present date!


Content produced by: Walkin´Sagres



ROSÁRIO OLIVEIRA

CMVB

Email gabinete.turismo@cm-viladobispo.pt

ALEXANDRA LOPES

SPEA

Email alexandra.lopes@spea.pt

ANABELA SANTOS

ALMARGEM

Email asantos@almargem.org